How Does a 15-year old Save for a Car?

Ryan just bought a car. And she’s a beauty, too. 2002 baby blue Toyota Prius with only 57,000 miles. Owned by a 91-year old grannie who used it mostly to drive to church and back. No kidding. Problem is, Ryan can’t drive it; never mind he doesn’t have his license. He barely has his permit. And taking an online course to get his permit happened after he bought the car.

How does a 15-year old with no permit end up with a pretty snappy car sitting at the bottom of the driveway? It starts with a plan.

When Ryan was 11 years old he got his first job. He delivered papers once a week after school. Most of that money went directly into his savings account. Although he was responsible for all his discretionary spending, there wasn’t a whole lot he spent money on. John and I customized his interest rate (KidsSave was a great help in this area), so that the more he saved, the more he ended up with. This was a great incentive. But an even greater incentive was the offer his grandmother gave him. She would match him dollar for dollar on his first car.

Over the years he added soccer reffing, teaching math centers, and yard work for our neighbor to his list of jobs. He also did the occasional lemonade and root beer float stand. Then there were his buys and sells on ebay. Again, most of it went into his savings account. Although I have to mention here, just in case you may think he never enjoys spending money, he bought his own $350 mountain bike, an ipod touch, golf clubs and other pretty pricey items. He knows when to save and he knows when to spend.

But my main point is that, when you have a goal in mind, when you know what you want and have figured out the steps to get there, it’s easier to keep your eyes on the target. That’s the power of goal setting. It keeps us focused. Even when you’re eleven years old.

Four years later the perfect opportunity presented itself. We live near a community college which doubles as a used car lot on the weekends. Nathan and Ryan, just playing around on the computer one day, discovered that a used Prius would be on the lot. A Prius is exactly what Ryan wanted. He’s my little eco-friendly kid.

The stars seemed to be aligning for him. About six months ahead of when he had planned on buying a car, it was an opportunity not to be missed. An opportunity on a variety of levels. This was his first major negotiation and he wanted to do it himself. So John and I prepped him. He needed to know exactly what his maximum offer would be. Start low, move up.

The owner, through her grandson, was asking $10,000. Ryan went in at $8800. They came back at $9200 which was exactly what Ryan had hoped. He had just made his first deal.

After registration and taxes, the total came to $9796. Split with his grandmother, Ryan’s share was $4898. He paid in cash. That’s how a committed 15-year old buys his first car.

Teaching our kids to set personal financial goals when they are young is so important. It starts with the little things…a video game then a bike then an ipad. They learn it’s possible and begin saving for the bigger things. To see how it’s done, check out this video:

How To Encourage Kids to Save Money

This is the first in a series of Kids and Money Quick Tips videos that I will be putting together. This first one is on getting kids in the habit of saving money.

Money Reflections

Excerpted from Beyond the Piggy Bank, a 15-Day Challenge

One of the goals for this Challenge is to develop healthy attitudes about money in our children. Since YOU have the greatest impact on what your kids learn about money, it’s important to take a little time to reflect honestly on the money messages you are sending them.

Ask yourself the following questions. To help clarify your thoughts, you may want to write your responses down on paper.

~What is my attitude towards money?
~Is money a good thing, a bad thing, am I indifferent about money, does money annoy me, is more money better, do I complain about money a lot…
~Why do I feel this way about money?
~What attitude about money are my kids observing in me?
~Which money personality reflects me the most?

–Worrier: I’m always fretting about money
–Carefree Spender: I love spending money. I’ll deal with the consequences later…maybe.
–Penny Pincher/Hoarder: I’m not worried about money, I just don’t like spending any.
–Giver: I’m always buying stuff for my friends and giving them money. I’ll worry about myself later.
–Saver: Yippee! I get to balance my checkbook and maybe put some more into my Roth IRA.
–Avoider: Honestly, do I really have to think about managing my money?

~What are the pluses about my money personality? What are the minuses? How can I improve the minuses?
~How do my kids see me manage money? Am I happy with that? If not, how can I change?
~How would I like my kids to manage money when they are older?
~What money attitude would I like my kids to have as adults?

Once you reflect on and understand more about your own personal feelings towards money, you are in a better position to help your kids develop healthy money attitudes.

Teaching Money Values

We impart our values to our kids through our words and our actions. Mostly our actions. Take a moment to reflect on the things you value. Integrity, compassion, honesty, persistence, courage, patience… Now think about an action that can be associated with each one. For example, returning the unpaid can of tuna you discovered in the shopping cart ~ honesty. Or volunteering to speak at the board meeting even though the thought of speaking in front of people makes you mildly ill ~ courage. 🙂

Now think about the kind of values you want your kids to live by when they grow up. Since kids do most of their learning through observation (they’re quite good at it!), it’s important to think about the messages your behavior is sending. Are you living the values that you want to help define your kids as adults?

The Money Connection: Our values are also imparted to our kids through the way we handle our money. We teach generosity when we share with those less fortunate than us. We teach responsibility and delayed gratification when we put a little of our money aside for the future. And when we splurge on a fancy dinner out we teach that it’s good to enjoy, as well.

Conversely, shopping impulsively teaches kids that the value of a dollar is not important. Not to mention the messages sent about lack of self-discipline. And holding too tightly onto money teaches kids that experiencing life is not important.

So take time every now and then to reflect on the choices you make on a daily basis. Because how you live life is how you live your values.

The Other Literacy…Financial Literacy

We all know that literacy, the ability to read and write, is an important life skill.  It’s so important that we often create an environment at home to reflect this.  We start reading to our kids from an early age, years before they know how to read themselves.  We surround our kids with all kinds of reading materials from books, to magazines, to newspapers, to grocery lists. 
 
And then, to underscore the importance of reading even more, we read in front of them.  Yup, we pick up the newspaper or magazine and absorb the words on the pages while our kids are watching.
 
When they begin to read on their own, we ask them questions about the plot and characters. 
 
At school, monthly book orders are sent home and assemblies bring in authors who talk about how they write their books.  We even reward kids with stickers on classroom charts or refrigerators at home reflecting pages read. 
 
It’s hard to grow up in an environment such as this and miss the message that reading and writing is important.  

The Money Connection:   There’s another type of literacy which is just as important that isn’t quite as integrated into our environment.  Financial literacy.  Simply stated, financial literacy is the ability to effectively and comfortably deal with issues relating to money in a way that benefits us.  It’s important for things such as budgeting, understanding credit, and investing.  

We need to be just as passionate about our kids learning financial literacy as we are about teaching them reading and writing literacy.  But since financial literacy in the elementary and middle school curriculum is not where it should be, we’re going to need to do double-duty at home.  Without obsessing about money, this simply means that we need to be aware of opportunities to sneak in a few life lessons.
 
Here is a starter list of ways to create an environment where learning about money is simply a natural part of your everyday routine, thus underscoring its importance: 

1. Talk about money from an early age – how it is earned, how there is a limited supply, the importance of making good spending choices, how to be a good consumer, etc.

2. Just like a book is the tool we use to teach kids how to read, money is the tool we use to teach kids how to become good money managers.  Give your kids money on a regular basis (an allowance is the most popular way) and then have them be responsible for their discretionary spending.

3. Create a list of extra jobs kids can do around the house to earn additional money.

4. Share your savings goals with your kids and have them create their own.

5. Have tweens and teens keep track of their spending in a registry so they get an idea of where their money goes as well as learn how to keep a running balance.

6. As an incentive to get your child to save, offer to match their savings dollar for dollar.

7. Always look for teachable moments, such as being out shopping, to tie in important money ideas.

Kids learn to become good readers through reading.  By the same token, kids learn to be good money managers through doing money.  Providing your kids with money to manage and initiating on-going money discussions at home will help build the financial foundation so necessary for success in today’s society.

Getting Kids EXCITED About Saving Money

When Ryan was seven years old, John and I discovered he had a spending problem. As serious as a seven year old can have. It was all about Pokemon cards. Each week he would drain his money on the cute cards in hopes of striking it rich with a rare Charzard.

But not wanting that spending problem to grow into a bad spending habit, we decided to introduce Ryan to compound interest. We wanted to see if the idea of money growing on itself (because he saved it), would have an impact on him. We also wanted to have the idea of saving his money come directly from him.

So we sat him down at the computer, along with his brother Nathan who was a terrific saver already, and plugged 10% monthly interest (parents can do that!) into a spreadsheet. The graph that was generated on the initial $100 we set up, shocked him. Then on came the lightbulb when he realized that saving his money would mean he would end up with even more money. He was a believer. It was this moment that began our work on KidsSave.

Compound interest. Einstein, a very smart dude, called it the eighth wonder of the world. He also called it the greatest force in the universe. And if anyone should know about the universe and force, it’d be Einstein.

And it was compound interest, interest that grows on itself, that made Ryan the saver he is today.

So I’ve put together two videos to illustrate the power of compounding so that you can show your kids this “magic” and get them just as excited as Ryan got. Of course, you could also use our kids’ savings and money management software, KidsSave, as it was the very first thing we designed for the program.

Here’s my most recent video. It’s on the Rule of 72. Don’t know the beauty of the Rule of 72? Then take a peek. It’s pretty amazing. And if it gets your kids excited about saving, let me know!

And after you watch the video, ask your kids what would happen if they invested $2000 instead of $1000…

Watch this VERY COOL video.

Personal Finance for Kids?

So it happened again to me today, and it’s happened enough that I decided to write about it…and solicit your help.

I was chatting with a woman I just met about this, that, and the other, when, inevitably, the question so what do you do? comes up. She’s a stay-at-home mom, nice, and I told her I was a kids’ personal finance educator.

“You can teach personal finance to kids?” she, and just about everyone else, asks.

Now don’t get me wrong. Until my youngest, Ryan, began to exhibit extreme carefree spending tendencies, the idea had never really occurred to me, either. At least, not beyond giving him an allowance. But if you think about it, setting up an allowance system is most definitely a form of personal finance.

At least it should be.

It’s not enough that kids get money. It’s important that we teach them what to do with that money. Things that we do with our own adult personal finances: save, spend, share, invest, borrow, budget. We need to do it in a way that gives kids real, hands-on experiences with their money so that they’ll get the practice they need before we send them out into the world.

And the good news is, it’s not that hard to do. Even if you don’t feel “qualified”. And while we’re doing it, we need make ‘personal finance for kids’ a recognized phrase.

So I’d love to have your help. It would be great if you could help spread the word about the importance of teaching kids money while they are still young.

In addition, I want to be a resource for parents. My Raised for Richness Facebook page is filled with all kinds of tips and research studies. It’s a great place for parents to start.

I am also working hard to make our website a resource, as well. We’ve included a bunch of free stuff recently.

And then there are the Beyond-the-Piggy-Bank Challenges filled with the specific steps needed to begin teaching personal finance. I do these periodically and if you email me, I’ll get another one scheduled soon.

So let’s start a movement! Let’s get the word out make ‘kids and personal finance’ just a regular part of our everyday language. Together we can make a difference.

Yippee! I’ve Got Money! A Letter to Teens

I was asked to contribute an article to a book being published on kids and financial literacy (will share more on that later). Apart from being thrilled to have been asked, I happen to love writing, so I jumped at the chance. My given topic was ‘kids and budgeting’ and is a little longer than I usually post. But I think you’ll find it easy to read. Here we go:

~

Nice. You’ve got money. And if you’re like most teens, the first thing that comes to mind is to take that money and spend it. That’s reasonable. After all, you worked hard to get it. You did work hard to get it, didn’t you? But before you call all your friends and set up a date with the mall, ask yourself one question. Do I want to think like a millionaire or do I want to think like someone who lives with mom and dad when they’re 30?

You’re pretty savvy, so my guess is that you chose to think like a millionaire. Good. Because you’re going to learn some important stuff that will allow you to build wealth so that you can have and do the things you want. But always keep one thing in mind. Being rich in money is nice, but it’s also important to be rich in friends, compassion, knowledge, generosity… Then, being rich in money is so much more meaningful, for you and others.

Okay, we’ve got priorities straightened out. Now let’s get to the thinking-like-a-millionaire part. Most millionaires become millionaires because they are savvy in the art of managing their money. And the first thing millionaires do when they manage their money is to pay themselves first. It seems like a silly thing to do since the money is already theirs, but paying themselves, or in this case, yourself, first simply means that you are going to take some of your money and sock it away into savings. Then leave it there. No touchy the money. You’ll see why this is important in a minute. So decide, right now, how much of your money you will put into savings each month. A lot of millionaires started by putting aside 10% of their income. But you decide what works for you right now. You can always add more later.

Okay, pay myself first. Check.

Next, it’s always a good idea to share a little of what we have. Some like to give to their church, others like to donate to causes that are near and dear to their hearts. Whatever you choose, decide how much you want to give and how often you will be giving. It’s often easiest if you do it monthly, similar to how you put money into savings. And, hey, your parents may even be willing to match your donating dollars. They like it when they see you doing things to help others. So ask them.

But does that mean that you have to give money? No. Giving of your time and energy is just as valuable. At some point, though, maybe when you’re earning just a little bit more, you’ll want to re-visit this and make a commitment. Either way, you’ll discover a very important thing. Sharing makes people happy. And being happy is contagious. So share. It’ll make the world a better place.

Share time or money. Check.

Now, since you are a millionaire-in-the-making, you need to figure out where your money is coming from and where it is going. In other words, you’re going to track your income (money in) and expenses (money out). It’s going to take one month to gather enough information to be able to see patterns in your habits, so grab a notebook, use KidsSave or print out a recording sheet by visiting here and start recording. Every single penny you spend or bring in gets recorded. Yes, I know, it’s a hassle. But it needs to be done. Think: millionaire.

Then, when you have one month’s worth of data, look for patterns in your spending habits. If you like, you can create categories using colored pencils. (If you used KidsSave, print out your registry.) Items like soda, chips, and gum would go in a ‘snack’ category and can all be colored, say, yellow. Video games, itunes, and that new Wii controller you just bought would go in an ‘electronics’ category and colored…red. You get the idea. Expenses that are the same each month like your cell phone bill, remain in their own category. They are fixed expenses. And remember your charity and automatic savings? Consider those fixed expenses, as well.

Add up the totals for each of your expense categories. Then add up all the categories in expenses. That’s about how much you spend each month. Next, add up all the categories in income. That’s about how much you bring in each month. Subtract expenses from income. That’s how much money you have left over. No, duh. Want more money left over? Keep reading.

Keep track of my income and expenses. Check.

Okay, so you’re interested in ending up with more money. The good news is, it’s not that hard to do. And it can make a huge difference in whether or not you reach millionaire status and how quickly you get there. Here’s how.

Go grab that list of expenses you carefully recorded for one month; it’s time to take another look. This is where it can get interesting, so hang on. Choose one of the categories, like electronics, and look at the total amount you spent during that month. Now multiply that number by 12. That’s about how much you can expect to spend on electronics for the entire year. Do that with the other expense categories. Pretty eye-opening, huh? Time to reduce spending?

Start by taking a real close look at all the things you spent money on. Not happy about blowing a bunch of money on snacks at the mall? Great. Stop doing it. Wish you hadn’t bought those funky sunglasses that you never wear? Then think twice about putting out money for things you don’t really need. Not that you don’t get to have some fun with your money. Treating yourself is important. Just be aware of where your money is being spent. There’s a saying that goes “It’s better to tell your money where to go than to ask it where it’s gone.” So pay attention.

Alright, reduce spending. Check.

Okay, are you sitting down? Because this is the part where I bring up the ‘B’ word. Adults do not like this word. A lot of them even cringe when they hear it. But you’re not afraid. You’re a millionaire-in-the-making which puts you into the tough category.

Deep breath.

Budget.

Budget? Yup, budget…a plan for your money. It’s hard to become a millionaire without one so let’s just hit it straight on. Besides, when you see what’s really involved, you’re going to wonder why so many adults haven’t taken the plunge.

The first thing you need to do is track your income and expenses. Done. Then you need to create income and expense categories. Done. Next, you need to subtract your expenses from your income. Done. OMG! The budget’s done. No kidding. You just need to make sure that you’re meeting all your objectives of saving and spending carefully and that, then, pretty much sums up how to create a budget. Sheesh, what’s up with these adults?

Create budget. Check.

So, when you created your budget you discovered some extra money. Money that was left over after you subtracted your expenses from your income. Beautiful. Now we get to the fun part, the building-wealth-to-become-a-millionaire part. The part where you learn how to make money work FOR YOU, instead of you working for it.

Remember that pay-yourself-first money you’ve been saving? Here’s where it comes into play. You’re going to take that money along with the extra savings you just found in your budget and begin to invest it. But here’s the deal. The money you invest is money that you won’t be able to touch for awhile. I’m talking several years. In fact, the longer you can leave it alone, the better. Let me give you a quick example.

If you started saving $100 every month when you were 18 years old, and you invested it where it received 6% annual interest, by the time you turned 65 you would have $313,187. If you did the same thing but were receiving 10% annual interest, you would end up with $1,281,919. The secret is something called compound interest. Compound interest is money that grows on itself. Remember Einstein? Pretty smart, right? Well Einstein knew how special compound interest is. He called it the greatest force in the universe. Over time small amounts of money become large amounts of money. And if you keep making contributions while not touching any of it, yowza, it’ll take off like a bat out of H – E – double hockey sticks. Sick.

And what should you invest in? Lots of things. The key is to diversify. That’s when you divide your money into different investments. CDs and bonds are a good place to start. I also recommend mutual funds. When you’re ready you can begin investing in individual companies in the stock market. And maybe one day you’ll move on to real estate. But do your research first. Always do your research. http://Www.bankrate.com and http://www.fool.com are great places for that.

Begin my investing portfolio. Check.

Well there you have it. You’ve just set yourself up to become a millionaire. You are in control of your financial future. How cool is that? It’s very cool because that puts you into an elite group of people. A group of people with a millionaire mindset. You’re on your way to great things. Keep focused. Know your goals. Follow your dreams. Go get ‘em!

The Cell Phone: A Powerful Learning Tool

There was a huge graphic of a cell phone on the front page of the Sacramento Bee this morning. It was all about the love affair tweens and teens have with their cell phones confirmed in a study by Pew Internet and American Life Project.

If you have a tween or teen, this is not front-page news to you. But I thought it the perfect opportunity to re-print here a section from Raised for Richness, my parent kids and money primer:

Parents have been handed an unbelievable tool to help teach their tweens and teens money management. The cell phone. Yup. That object of love and hate. Done correctly it becomes an object of learning. Here’s how.

Teens need to stay connected to their friends. This is normal as they figure out their place in the world. Cell phones keep them connected. Using their “need” for a cell phone as the motivator, we can teach them basic money management skills such as budgeting, paying bills, and living within your means.

First, tweens and teens need to know that along with a cell phone comes responsibility. Keeping track of your cell phone, resisting the temptation to text during dinner, and paying your phone bill. Kids paying bills? You bet! And the best time to teach them is while they’re still hanging out with you. At least you’re not going to turn the heat off on them!

Next, it’s important to establish what part of the phone bill your child is responsible for. For example, you may pay the family plan fee but maybe your teen pays the additional phone line fee, texting, and any upgrades. If your child is old enough, you can even see if the bill could go go directly to her.

If you haven’t set up an allowance yet, this is the time to do it. Most kids don’t have jobs so it’s important to get money in their hands for the purpose of learning how to manage it. You can tailor the amount of allowance based on the responsibilities that come with it.

Now comes the fun part. Kids learn to manage their money in the context of something they love…their cell phone! Upgrades? They pay. Overages? They pay. New phone? They pay. Lost phone? They pay. Unpaid bill? No phone. See how simple it is? Okay, so it’s going to take a few months before everyone understands how the whole thing works, but when that happens, it’s a thing of beauty. Kids are happy; as long as they pay the bill, they stay connected to friends. Parents are happy; their kids are learning real life skills. It’s another win/win.

You may even find that your kids become pretty savvy consumers. Just how important is it to have the latest phone with all the gadgets? When it’s their money on the line, the difference between needs and wants takes on a whole new meaning! And that got-to-have-phone may be the perfect time to introduce them to the idea of setting a financial goal.

It’s true that some parents feel the peace of mind that comes with a cell phone is worth paying for the phone themselves. But wouldn’t you also want the peace of mind knowing that your child is ready to take on the financial challenges that await her out there? Don’t miss this silver-platter opportunity. With tweens and teens, they’re few and far between.

What are your thoughts?

Is It Worth It?

Ryan just spent $204.44. He didn’t do it lightly. That’s because he knows just how long it took him to earn that money. His one-day-a-week paper route earns him $11/week. That’s 19 weeks of folding and throwing papers.

But he also gets $10/week in allowance. Enough to help him get some of the things he wants, but not everything. (That explains the paper route.)

With the allowance, his total time was reduced in half. To a 15-year old, that’s still a long time. The good news is, he had the money saved already. But knowing the work hours needed to spend the money is a good way for kids to understand the value of the dollars they’re considering spending.

Ryan came in to my office this morning wanting to know whether he should buy an iTouch, which was $180 (minus shipping). I had no idea he was considering this; I don’t even know what an iTouch is. But Ryan rarely spends his money, so I was glad to see that something had piqued his interest.

“What are the pros and cons of getting the iTouch?” I asked him.

We set out to make a list. This is an excellent way to have kids think through a decision.

His pros:
-the iTouch can use lots of apps
-30 hours of battery (his current iPod is so old he only gets one hour of use out of each battery charge)
-it’s more stylish
-it holds 8 gigs

His cons:
-the $180 cost (he told me this counted as two cons)
-he already had an iPod
-he doesn’t really need the 8 gigs

I was leaning towards having him buy the iTouch but I didn’t want to make the decision for him. Then he throws out, “Or I could get the iPod nano fifth generation which is $60 cheaper.”

He said that he wouldn’t be able to have the apps on the iPod.

“You really like playing games,” I reminded him and his eyes lit up.

“That’s like the main thing,” he replied. That’s when I knew it was the iTouch or nothing.

Letting go of money can be just as hard for some people as saving money is for others. Teaching kids this balance is important. I couldn’t stand it any more.

“Buy the iTouch,” I said. “You’ve worked hard for the money and deserve to spend some of it on something that you’re going to get a lot of joy using.”

Within five minutes I received an email from eBay for the purchase of an APPLE IPOD TOUCH 3RD GEN 8 GB MP3 PLAYER WI-FI + BONUS.

I’m not sure who is more excited about the purchase. Saving money is good. But knowing how to spend it wisely is just as important. I’m glad to see that Ryan is developing this healthy balance.